TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-03-19T11:51:01+02:00 Outi Ratamäki Open Journal Systems <p><em>Trace — Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies</em> is a peer-reviewed,&nbsp;fully open access online journal that&nbsp;provides a forum for research and discussion of human-animal relations from social and cultural perspectives.&nbsp;The journal&nbsp;publishes original research articles, lectiones praecursoriae, and conference reports, as well as reviews on books, art exhibitions, films, and other media. <em>Trace </em>accepts submissions in Finnish, English, and Swedish.</p> Pääkirjoitus 2018-06-01T01:23:31+03:00 Outi Ratamäki 2018-05-31T23:47:23+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Movements beyond human: Ecological aesthetics and knowledges in underwater wildlife documentaries 2019-03-19T11:51:01+02:00 Heidi Mikkola <p>Our conceptions of underwater space are mostly based on images we have seen of it. These images, mediated through technology, have a great impact on how the environment is perceived. The article analyses how three different wildlife documentary series (Planet Earth, Dolphins – Spy in the Pod and Oceans) produce an oceanic environment and its inhabitants, and how these cinematic environments can affect how the ocean is perceived. The article’s approach questions anthropocentrism and maps the relation between cinematic features, the oceanic environment and the aesthetic possibilities of perceiving more-than-human space. The analysis emphasises how the films’ aesthetics are connected to the material movements of environments and animals. With the help of Gilles Deleuze’s and Félix Guattari’s concepts of assemblage and deterritorialisation, the article takes a posthumanist approach in mapping the possibilities of decentering the human and engaging nonhuman animals and nature as the proper cinematic subjects. The article argues that the audiovisual aesthetics of the analyzed documentaries are able to challenge anthropocentrism, but at the same time they are anthropomorphic in premissing their imagery on human comprehensibility.</p> 2017-11-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Open game fences and their socio-spatial effects: Placing red deer, placing humans, managing territories 2019-03-19T11:50:52+02:00 Marie Baltzinger Anders Mårell, Dr Marc Deconchat, Pr Rachel Barrier <p><span style="font-family: Gandhi Sans; font-size: medium;">Big game populations have been rapidly increasing in temperate and boreal ecosystems worldwide, which has prompted the need to study the socio-ecological issues related to their management. In addition, the use of game-fencing has been spreading in certain rural areas, especially in French Sologne. These two parallel trends raise the issue of the new socio-spatial arrangements developing in rural areas. We set up an in-depth case-study combining stakeholder-interviews and ecological surveys (red deer trails, pellets and bed sites) to understand how game fences may affect both animal and human mobility, and why this may raise human conflicts. The study site was a 17.52 km² fenced landscape comprising a public forest bordered on the north and south by two privately owned fenced lots. Both the interviews and the ecological data indicated that the fences were crossable for red deer. We did not find any fencing effect on the location of red deer trails, though red deer pellet groups were significantly more frequent outside fenced lots. On the other hand, we recorded more bed sites within fenced lots, in accordance with the stakeholders’ statements that fenced lots had a high sheltering value for red deer. This implies that stakeholders have contrasting opportunities to encounter red deer because the fences deter non-owners from trespassing. Although any private owner has the legal right to fence his or her land under French law, our finding calls for more attention to how the fencing is designed, since its effects may impact the surrounding landscape. For instance, fences can allow a single owner to impose game management policies in the areas surrounding his or her estate. </span></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2018-06-01T00:03:07+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Conservation education in zoos: A literature review 2019-03-19T11:50:56+02:00 Nina Viktoria Nygren Sanna Ojalammi <p>Zoos nowadays often claim that their main objective is nature conservation and that they strive to educate the visitors on this subject. A considerable amount of research has been undertaken on conservation education in zoos. This overview performs a qualitative meta-analysis of the methodology, concepts and results of research articles on zoo visitors, particularly regarding learning, education and conservation. Our main finding is that most of the research uses quantitative methodologies and the qualitative, lived experiences of zoo visits remain under-researched. Based on the articles analyzed, “nature conservation” (the substance of conservation education in zoos) becomes implicitly defined as captive breeding and far-off conservation projects, distancing the visitors and their daily lives from nature and issues of conservation.</p> 2017-11-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Not only in English: The first textbook for Human-Animal Studies in German 2018-06-01T01:23:32+03:00 Tua Korhonen 2018-06-01T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Omimmalla äänellään kaanonin ulkopuolella (Karoliina Lummaa: Kui trittitii! Finnish Avian Poetics) 2018-06-01T01:23:32+03:00 Raimo Pakarinen 2018-06-01T00:36:54+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Animal Tracks on Textual Surfaces (Ann-Sofie Lönngren: Following the Animal) 2018-06-01T01:23:32+03:00 Maija Norvasto 2018-06-01T00:11:05+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Konferenssimatka Meksikoon (Minding Animals Conference IV) 2018-06-01T01:23:32+03:00 Heta Lähdesmäki 2018-06-01T00:42:47+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##