TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies https://trace.journal.fi/ <p><em>Trace — Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies</em> is a peer-reviewed,&nbsp;fully open access online journal that&nbsp;provides a forum for research and discussion of human-animal relations from social and cultural perspectives.&nbsp;The journal&nbsp;publishes original research articles, lectiones praecursoriae, and conference reports, as well as reviews on books, art exhibitions, films, and other media. <em>Trace </em>accepts submissions in Finnish, English, and Swedish.</p> Finnish Society for Human-Animal Studies (YKES ry) en-US TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2343-0591 <p>This publishing contract is modeled after Contract model No. 1 for Suomen Tiedekustantajien liitto r.y. – Finnish Association for Scholarly Publishing (Version 2000 / 1 / 15.12.1999). If you find parts of it unclear or unacceptable, please contact the journal's editors.</p> <p>GENERAL TERMS OF THE PUBLISHING CONTRACT</p> <p>PUBLISHER: Finnish Society for Human-Animal Studies (Yhteiskunnallisen ja kulttuurisen eläintutkimuksen seura ry)</p> <p>OBJECT OF CONTRACT</p> <p>The author answers/the authors answer for that he has/they have the full copyright to the work and as parts in the work, inserted pictures, tables and other corresponding material, or that right to publish has been acquired for it, if such is legally needed. Expenses caused by these rights are allocated to the authors directly, unless otherwise agreed upon separately. A concluded publishing contract is also valid for the second issue and other later issues/electronic versions of the work.</p> <p>PURPOSE OF CONTRACT AND ASSIGNED RIGHTS</p> <p>The purpose of the contract is to transfer the financial rights of the work to the publisher, while the moral rights of the work remain with the author. §§ 31-37 of the Copyright Act (404/61) are thus not applied. The contents of the financial and moral rights of this contract have been specified below.</p> <p>Among the financial rights is the right to republish the work, or a part thereof, in another publishing form or to convey such a right to another publisher. This right is exclusive, however, with the exceptions given in the following passages. The publisher may not change the contents of the work without explicit authorization of the author. The publisher may not republish the work, or parts of it, in other languages without explicit authorization of the author.</p> <p>The author is entitled to use individual passages or the whole work as parts of a later work which differs significantly from the object of this agreement, or in which the scientific content of the work has been significantly updated and the work is not a new edition of the current one. The author is entitled to use the work as part of a thesis or a dissertation without the explicit written authorization of the publisher.</p> <p>The author may simultaneously publish the work online on his or her website / upload it onto an open electronic platform for the viewing of an open audience.</p> <p>THE PUBLISHER’S AND AUTHOR’S/AUTHORS’ RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FIRST PUBLISHING FORM</p> <p>The work is first published in the open access online publication Trace. Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies. The publisher determines the layout for the work.</p> <p>AUTHOR’S FEE</p> <p>The Author is not paid a fee.</p> <p>THE PUBLISHER’S RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN CONNECTION WITH REPUBLISHING AND OTHER FORMS OF PUBLISHING</p> <p>The work may be republished as printed matter or in electronic form on a server chosen by the publisher. The publisher has the right to republish the work in all the forms of publishing covered by this contract as well as determine the layout of these publications, their way of realization, editing or the conditions of use of the electronic forms of publications.</p> <p>By republishing, the publisher is also obliged to note those changes reported by the author/the authors which are mainly amendments of a technical nature and may be added to the work without considerable additional costs, such as a new make-up. Such corrections must be delivered to the publisher without delay after he has announced the republishing.</p> <p>The publisher is obliged to make sure that the author’s name/authors’ names, his/their copyrights and the information of the original publishing form appears with every republishing.</p> <p>When republishing the work in the same or different publishing form no fee is paid. If the publisher for compensation assigns the work to be republished by another publisher, or by several publishers jointly, the compensation thereof shall be halved between the publisher and the author/the authors.</p> <p>VALIDITY OF CONTRACT</p> <p>This contract is valid for ten years from the date the work has last been published in a publishing form covered by this contract. The publisher has, however, the right to republish the work after the expiration of the contract in accordance with this contract during all the time the work is legally protected.</p> <p>However, the contract may not be dissolved if the work is continuously hosted on an electronic platform on the server of the publisher and viewable to an audience. The author is / the authors are entitled to dissolve the contract if the content of the work is significantly outdated, and the publisher is unwilling to publish a newer edition of the work in question with the terms stated in this agreement and within a reasonable period of time from the moment of the request, despite the requests of the author / author’s representative.</p> <p>DISPUTES</p> <p>A dispute arising from this contract will be tried in the general court of first instance of the publisher’s domicile, unless the parties jointly agree on such an arbitration where the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies nominates one arbitrator.</p> Pääkirjoitus https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/70950 Outi Ratamäki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 4 2 3 Movements beyond human: Ecological aesthetics and knowledges in underwater wildlife documentaries https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/59505 <p>Our conceptions of underwater space are mostly based on images we have seen of it. These images, mediated through technology, have a great impact on how the environment is perceived. The article analyses how three different wildlife documentary series (Planet Earth, Dolphins – Spy in the Pod and Oceans) produce an oceanic environment and its inhabitants, and how these cinematic environments can affect how the ocean is perceived. The article’s approach questions anthropocentrism and maps the relation between cinematic features, the oceanic environment and the aesthetic possibilities of perceiving more-than-human space. The analysis emphasises how the films’ aesthetics are connected to the material movements of environments and animals. With the help of Gilles Deleuze’s and Félix Guattari’s concepts of assemblage and deterritorialisation, the article takes a posthumanist approach in mapping the possibilities of decentering the human and engaging nonhuman animals and nature as the proper cinematic subjects. The article argues that the audiovisual aesthetics of the analyzed documentaries are able to challenge anthropocentrism, but at the same time they are anthropomorphic in premissing their imagery on human comprehensibility.</p> Heidi Mikkola ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 4 4 26 10.23984/fjhas.59505 Open game fences and their socio-spatial effects: Placing red deer, placing humans, managing territories https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/67671 <p><span style="font-family: Gandhi Sans; font-size: medium;">Big game populations have been rapidly increasing in temperate and boreal ecosystems worldwide, which has prompted the need to study the socio-ecological issues related to their management. In addition, the use of game-fencing has been spreading in certain rural areas, especially in French Sologne. These two parallel trends raise the issue of the new socio-spatial arrangements developing in rural areas. We set up an in-depth case-study combining stakeholder-interviews and ecological surveys (red deer trails, pellets and bed sites) to understand how game fences may affect both animal and human mobility, and why this may raise human conflicts. The study site was a 17.52 km² fenced landscape comprising a public forest bordered on the north and south by two privately owned fenced lots. Both the interviews and the ecological data indicated that the fences were crossable for red deer. We did not find any fencing effect on the location of red deer trails, though red deer pellet groups were significantly more frequent outside fenced lots. On the other hand, we recorded more bed sites within fenced lots, in accordance with the stakeholders’ statements that fenced lots had a high sheltering value for red deer. This implies that stakeholders have contrasting opportunities to encounter red deer because the fences deter non-owners from trespassing. Although any private owner has the legal right to fence his or her land under French law, our finding calls for more attention to how the fencing is designed, since its effects may impact the surrounding landscape. For instance, fences can allow a single owner to impose game management policies in the areas surrounding his or her estate. </span></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Marie Baltzinger Anders Mårell, Dr Marc Deconchat, Pr Rachel Barrier ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 4 28 61 10.23984/fjhas.67671 Conservation education in zoos: A literature review https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/66540 <p>Zoos nowadays often claim that their main objective is nature conservation and that they strive to educate the visitors on this subject. A considerable amount of research has been undertaken on conservation education in zoos. This overview performs a qualitative meta-analysis of the methodology, concepts and results of research articles on zoo visitors, particularly regarding learning, education and conservation. Our main finding is that most of the research uses quantitative methodologies and the qualitative, lived experiences of zoo visits remain under-researched. Based on the articles analyzed, “nature conservation” (the substance of conservation education in zoos) becomes implicitly defined as captive breeding and far-off conservation projects, distancing the visitors and their daily lives from nature and issues of conservation.</p> Nina Viktoria Nygren Sanna Ojalammi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 4 62 76 10.23984/fjhas.66540 Not only in English: The first textbook for Human-Animal Studies in German https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/70952 Tua Korhonen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 4 78 81 Omimmalla äänellään kaanonin ulkopuolella (Karoliina Lummaa: Kui trittitii! Finnish Avian Poetics) https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/70953 Raimo Pakarinen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 4 82 86 Animal Tracks on Textual Surfaces (Ann-Sofie Lönngren: Following the Animal) https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/68934 Maija Norvasto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 4 88 91 Konferenssimatka Meksikoon (Minding Animals Conference IV) https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/70954 Heta Lähdesmäki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 4 92 97