TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies <p><em>Trace — Journal for Human-Animal Studies</em> is a peer-reviewed,&nbsp;fully open access online journal that&nbsp;provides a forum for research and discussion of human-animal relations from social and cultural perspectives.&nbsp;The journal&nbsp;publishes original research articles, lectiones praecursoriae, and conference reports, as well as reviews on books, art exhibitions, films, and other media. <em>Trace </em>accepts submissions in English, Finnish and Swedish.</p> Finnish Society for Human-Animal Studies (YKES ry) en-US TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2343-0591 <p>This publishing contract is modeled after Contract model No. 1 for Suomen Tiedekustantajien liitto r.y. – Finnish Association for Scholarly Publishing (Version 2000 / 1 / 15.12.1999). If you find parts of it unclear or unacceptable, please contact the journal's editors.</p> <p>GENERAL TERMS OF THE PUBLISHING CONTRACT</p> <p>PUBLISHER: Finnish Society for Human-Animal Studies (Yhteiskunnallisen ja kulttuurisen eläintutkimuksen seura ry)</p> <p>OBJECT OF CONTRACT</p> <p>The author answers/the authors answer for that he has/they have the full copyright to the work and as parts in the work, inserted pictures, tables and other corresponding material, or that right to publish has been acquired for it, if such is legally needed. Expenses caused by these rights are allocated to the authors directly, unless otherwise agreed upon separately. A concluded publishing contract is also valid for the second issue and other later issues/electronic versions of the work.</p> <p>PURPOSE OF CONTRACT AND ASSIGNED RIGHTS</p> <p>The purpose of the contract is to transfer the financial rights of the work to the publisher, while the moral rights of the work remain with the author. §§ 31-37 of the Copyright Act (404/61) are thus not applied. The contents of the financial and moral rights of this contract have been specified below.</p> <p>Among the financial rights is the right to republish the work, or a part thereof, in another publishing form or to convey such a right to another publisher. This right is exclusive, however, with the exceptions given in the following passages. The publisher may not change the contents of the work without explicit authorization of the author. The publisher may not republish the work, or parts of it, in other languages without explicit authorization of the author.</p> <p>The author is entitled to use individual passages or the whole work as parts of a later work which differs significantly from the object of this agreement, or in which the scientific content of the work has been significantly updated and the work is not a new edition of the current one. The author is entitled to use the work as part of a thesis or a dissertation without the explicit written authorization of the publisher.</p> <p>The author may simultaneously publish the work online on his or her website / upload it onto an open electronic platform for the viewing of an open audience.</p> <p>THE PUBLISHER’S AND AUTHOR’S/AUTHORS’ RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FIRST PUBLISHING FORM</p> <p>The work is first published in the open access online publication Trace. Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies. The publisher determines the layout for the work.</p> <p>AUTHOR’S FEE</p> <p>The Author is not paid a fee.</p> <p>THE PUBLISHER’S RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN CONNECTION WITH REPUBLISHING AND OTHER FORMS OF PUBLISHING</p> <p>The work may be republished as printed matter or in electronic form on a server chosen by the publisher. The publisher has the right to republish the work in all the forms of publishing covered by this contract as well as determine the layout of these publications, their way of realization, editing or the conditions of use of the electronic forms of publications.</p> <p>By republishing, the publisher is also obliged to note those changes reported by the author/the authors which are mainly amendments of a technical nature and may be added to the work without considerable additional costs, such as a new make-up. Such corrections must be delivered to the publisher without delay after he has announced the republishing.</p> <p>The publisher is obliged to make sure that the author’s name/authors’ names, his/their copyrights and the information of the original publishing form appears with every republishing.</p> <p>When republishing the work in the same or different publishing form no fee is paid. If the publisher for compensation assigns the work to be republished by another publisher, or by several publishers jointly, the compensation thereof shall be halved between the publisher and the author/the authors.</p> <p>VALIDITY OF CONTRACT</p> <p>This contract is valid for ten years from the date the work has last been published in a publishing form covered by this contract. The publisher has, however, the right to republish the work after the expiration of the contract in accordance with this contract during all the time the work is legally protected.</p> <p>However, the contract may not be dissolved if the work is continuously hosted on an electronic platform on the server of the publisher and viewable to an audience. The author is / the authors are entitled to dissolve the contract if the content of the work is significantly outdated, and the publisher is unwilling to publish a newer edition of the work in question with the terms stated in this agreement and within a reasonable period of time from the moment of the request, despite the requests of the author / author’s representative.</p> <p>DISPUTES</p> <p>A dispute arising from this contract will be tried in the general court of first instance of the publisher’s domicile, unless the parties jointly agree on such an arbitration where the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies nominates one arbitrator.</p> Editorial: (Un)Common Worlds Special Issue Outi Ratamäki Otto Latva Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 2 3 Interspecies Pedagogy: What Could a Horse Teach Me About Teaching? <p>This article explores experiential learning through a more-than-human perspective. It builds on my earlier study of young children’s experiential learning, which revealed the biological predispositions or”embodied capacities” that young children have to learn from experience. In this current investigation, I identify some characteristics of a horse’s experiential learning and maintain that understanding these experiences is relevant for teaching beyond human perspectives. I also seek to understand how a teacher can motivate experiential learning. The article presents an ethnographic case study of myself and my horse Zvekki. Zvekki’s sophisticated predispositions for experiential learning have become visible over the years I have been pursuing a relationship of mutual trust between us. Daily interactions with Zvekki have challenged my communicative and other skills to the full and facilitated conditions for both her and my own experiential learning. The joint learning has also been a process of gaining more respect for the horse and gradually moving away from the anthropocentric position where, I realise retrospectively, I started from. What my horse taught me is relevant for teaching different subjects within teacher education programmes because every learning process and form of teaching is an experience in itself. The article focuses on the qualities of learning experiences and skills that are required from teachers who genuinely want to understand learning processes of their students and seek to provide conditions for holistic forms of learning.</p> Biljana Culibrk Fredriksen Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 4 30 10.23984/fjhas.78122 Unfamiliar Familiars: On Non-human Alienation <p>The article focuses on Karl Marx’s notion of alienation and its application to questions of ecology. By contrasting this notion with its existential critique made by Paul Tillich, as well as to Rob Nixon’s concept of slow violence, I demonstrate how the notion of alienation can be applied to non-human species as well. I will first describe the structure of alienation by examining the theory that Marx provided originally in the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844; by relating alienation to slow violence, I will then show how alienation can be applied to various environmental and non-human spheres. Reflecting on this through Paul Tillich’s critique of Marx’s theory of alienation will enable me to consider the possibility of using theology to traverse teleology. By using Tillich’s nonteleological conception of theology, I will reconsider the idea of alienation from a standpoint which takes the existential condition of both humanity and non-humanity into deliberation. Finally, I will briefly bring Tillich and Marx into dialogue with contemporary thinkers, who have recently examined similar questions. This shows how the application of the theory of alienation allows us to re-examine various current dilemmas of inter-species encounters.</p> Toni Johannes Koivulahti Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 32 54 10.23984/fjhas.78053 Pigeon-Human Negotiations through Practice <p>This is an exploration of the (un)common worlds of the pigeon and the human in London, through the lens of anthrodecentric art and the installation of a pigeon loft. To engage with this encounter is look, see, and be with another. Human-pigeon ties of relation are long-standing, as from 10,000 years ago the pigeon has lived cooperatively with the human species. More recently, the pigeon was the starting point of contemporary mail systems and messenger pigeons were active serving members of the armed forces in World War II, ablpie to carry out missions when humans were unfit and incapable. Given developments in mechanical and digital technologies, the pigeon has been deprived of its use-value as technology. The project Pigeon-Human Negotiations presents a diagrammatic model that affords the pigeon a use-value in contemporary London – their scavenging behaviours are recognised for their utility as a bio-recycling system. Here I present this arts practice-led research project under three lenses of analysis: the space of function, the space of re-presentation, and the sphere of translation. Herein lies the intersection of pigeon/art/human, within the bio-recycling capacities of the pigeon, the functions of art as re-purposer and subsequently assigner of value, the human can consume this art work predicated on the active presence of the non-human, and their agency through the artwork, which allows the rubbish produced by the human to be bio-recycled into the realm of value.</p> Dawn M Gaietto Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 56 80 10.23984/fjhas.80172 Mapping (Un)Common Space of Ethical Gradualism in the Era of the Anthropocene <p>One of the main objectives of this article is to clarify how – taking into account that mapping (un)common worlds into one (un)common space is not an axiologically neutral process – one can avoid the pitfalls of thinking by adopting “either or” thinking modes, i.e. one can avoid choosing either radical anthropocentrism or radical eco-centrism as a starting point when mapping space in the era of the Anthropocene. In this context, I raise a hypothesis that such a methodological shift is possible if one succeeds, by developing some moral capacities, in applying the principle of ethical gradualism into an interspecies context.</p> Silviya Serafimova Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 82 96 10.23984/fjhas.77853 When Animals Speak: Kant, Enlightenment Philosophy and the Silence of Animals Ruben Hordijk Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 98 106 Embedding posthumanism in higher education Taru Konst Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 108 115 Honeybees and Animal Narratives (Overview of the (Un)Common Worlds Art Programme) Vilma Mättö Copyright (c) 2019 TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 5 116 120 Villi kesytys – kesy villiys (Swanson, Lien & Ween: Domestication Gone Wild. Politics and Practices of Multispecies Relations) Nina Viktoria Nygren Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 122 125 Tottelevaisuuden loppu (Włodarczyk: Genealogy of Obedience. Reading North American Dog Training Literature 1850s–2000s) Nora Schuurman Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 126 128 Melankoliset valaat (Huggan: Colonialism, Culture, Whales. The Cetacean Quartet) Eeva Kuikka Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 130 133 Spanish American Literary History Reconsidered (DeVries: Creature Discomfort. Fauna-criticism, Ethics and the Representation of Animals in Spanish American Fiction and Poetry) Mariia Emilia Niskavaara Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 134 137 Eläimet päämäärinä sinänsä – nykykantilainen näkökulma (Korsgaard: Fellow Creatures. Our Obligations to the Other Animals) Markku Oksanen Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 138 148 Anekdootteja tehotuotannosta (Lymbery & Oakeshott: Farmageddon – halvan lihan todellinen hinta) Annika Lonkila Copyright (c) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 5 150 152