TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies <p><em>Trace — Journal for Human-Animal Studies</em> is a peer-reviewed,&nbsp;fully open access online journal that&nbsp;provides a forum for research and discussion of human-animal relations from social and cultural perspectives.&nbsp;The journal&nbsp;publishes original research articles, lectiones praecursoriae, and conference reports, as well as reviews on books, art exhibitions, films, and other media. <em>Trace </em>accepts submissions in English, Finnish and Swedish.</p> en-US <p>When sending a manuscript the author(s) accept <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the digital publishing contract</a> (please open the link and read it!). The publishing contract covers the publication of the manuscript on the digital versions of the <em>Trace</em> journal according to the Open Access principles and the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license<strong>&nbsp;</strong>[<a href=""></a>].&nbsp; (NB! Changed on January 28, 2020!) The conditions allow the author to retain copyright to his/her work and anyone to copy and distribute it for free in any medium and form, changed or unchanged provided that appropriate credit to author(s) is given, a link provided to the license, and any changes are indicated. Information on copyright issues in Finland is given by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Kopiosto</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Trace</em> is a scientific journal that doesn't pursue economic gain. Instead, the purpose of the publishing contract is to acknowledge the moral rights of the author(s) to their work and make possible the distribution of results of scientific research in the <em>Trace</em> journal in print as well as in digital form.&nbsp;</p> <p>The license concerning the metadata of published articles is Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).</p> <p class="P6_borderEnd">More information about open science in Finland:</p> <p class="P7"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> (Pauliina Rautio) (Jouni Teittinen) Wed, 07 Apr 2021 03:19:02 +0300 OJS 60 The Animal in Pope’s Essay on Man <p>Why are there so many animals referenced in Alexander Pope’s poem Essay on Man?&nbsp;Traditionally, animals were separated from man throughout history.&nbsp; Namely, the animal was denied logos and access to the polis.&nbsp;However, this article claims that neither of these traditions hold true throughout Pope’s work.&nbsp; Rather, man is placed on a level on par with the animal in order to “vindicate the ways of God to man,” Pope’s explicit purpose of the poem.&nbsp; The article concludes that the agnostic figure of the animal, oddly, becomes the “guarantor” of God’s ways in the eyes of man through its comparison with man.</p> Michael Smith Copyright (c) 2021 Michael Smith Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Monilajinen empatia – miten saavuttaa eettisesti ja ekologisesti kestävä tulevaisuus? Mikko Rosenberg Copyright (c) 2021 Mikko Rosenberg Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Primates are not... <p>What human attitudes about nonhuman primates have changed between the publication of Frans de Waals' <em>Chimpanzee Politics</em> and Debra Rosenman's <em>The Chimpanzee Chronicles</em>? This reflective essay uses those books, published nearly 40 years apart, as guides in answering that question.</p> Gregory F. Tague Copyright (c) 2021 Gregory Tague Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Editorial Otto Latva, Jaana Kouri Copyright (c) Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Nathaniel Wolloch: The Enlightenment’s Animals. Changing Conceptions of Animals in the Long 18th Century (Kirja-arvio) Roni Grén Copyright (c) 2021 Roni Grén Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Salla Tuomivaara: Syötävät koirat ja sympaattiset siat. Eläinten kohtaamisesta. (Kirja-arvio) Terhi Hannola Copyright (c) 2021 Terhi Hannola Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Elisa Aaltola ja Birgitta Wahlberg (toim.): Me & muut eläimet. Uusi maailmanjärjestys (Kirja-arvio) Pinja Mustajoki Copyright (c) 2021 Pinja Mustajoki Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Jody Barland: Virtual Menageries. Animals as Mediators in Network Cultures (Book Review) Mariia Emilia Niskavaara Copyright (c) 2021 Mariia Emilia Niskavaara Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Jason Hannan (ed.): Meatsplaining. The Animal Agriculture Industry and the Rhetoric of Denial (Book Review) Tiina Ollila Copyright (c) 2021 Tiina Ollila Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Eläinhenget – Keskustelu eläinten kuolemattomista sieluista spiritualistisessa Light-lehdessä Britanniassa 1887 <p>Artikkeli tarkastelee brittiläisen, spiritualistisen Light-lehden keskustelua eläinten hengistä ja sieluista vuonna 1887. Artikkeli osoittaa, miten spiritualistien kokemusperäinen tieto siitä, että tuonpuoleisessa oli ihmishenkien lisäksi myös eläinten henkiä, vahvisti keskustelua eläinten roolista ihmisten maailmassa. Keskusteluun liittyi nopeasti myös eläinsuojelullinen ja antivivisektionistinen vire.</p> Marjo Kaartinen Copyright (c) 2021 Marjo Kaartinen Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 The Unfinished Business of Anna Kingsford – Towards an Enchanted Animal Ethic <p>This article takes seriously the claim made by 19th century antivivisectionist Anna Kingsford that experiments on animals constitute a type of malevolent sorcery, more specifically a demonic blood sacrifice. In so doing, the paper follows the work of Pignarre and Stengers in their explication of sorcery and how to “get a hold” of its operations despite its stupefying powers. To that end, I will investigate the pragmatic potential of understanding experiments on animals in this way, and more broadly, following the work of posthuman and material feminists, as a type of onto-theological phenomenon of spacetimemattering (in Karen Barad’s terms). This understanding will pay particular attention to the intra-active exclusions that haunt the laboratory space and, following a neo-Spinozist feminist approach, I will explicate the ways in which the human-animal power relations within the laboratory inhibit the creation of joyful multispecies “common notions.” In order to respond to the ghostly presences which haunt the laboratory space, and to affirm joyful, multispecies relations for “as well as possible worlds” (Puig de la Bellacasa), I will finally argue for an affirmative multispecies politics of what Rosi Bradiotti calls “zoe-centered egalitarianism” through a posthuman politics of “grace,” or “the leaving be of nonhumans” (MacCormack) which I frame as an enactment of an enchanted animal ethic.</p> Mitch Goldsmith Copyright (c) 2021 Mitch Goldsmith Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Marcello the Dog and More-Than-Human Family in Elina Brotherus's Self-Portraits from the Series Carpe Fucking Diem <p>This article examines the possibilities of visual culture to open new perspectives on interspecies relations by analyzing self-portraits from visual artist Elina Brotherus’s photography series Carpe Fucking Diem (2011–2015). Brotherus has suggested that this series talks “about a failure to have a family with kids and give normality the finger”. The self-portraits can be seen to address this “failure” to have a normative nuclear family, while simultaneously questioning the desirability of the norm itself through Brotherus’s relationship with her pet dog, dachshund Marcello. The article explores the more-than-human notions of kinship and family in Carpe Fucking Diem, drawing on Donna Haraway’s concept of companion species, as well as discussions on new materialism and posthumanism. The concept of companion species deconstructs human exceptionalism and the boundaries between human and animal, and indicates that the physical and affective co-becomings between humans and the non-human significant others co-evolve with each other in complex and asymmetrical ways. In affective and embodied readings of three self-portraits and one video work from the Carpe Fucking Diem series, I examine how Elina Brotherus’s self-portraits call into question the normative notions of family as human-centered and heteronormative.</p> Tiina Salmia Copyright (c) 2021 Tiina Salmia Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Happy Hens or Healthy Eggs – A Summative Content Analysis Of How Hens Are Represented In Supermarket Egg Boxes Narratives <p>How a species is represented by marketers of animal-based products both reflects and shapes how consumers think about that animal. By examining the explicit statements, and implicit messages encoded in the imagery on supermarket egg boxes, this paper explores how hens are represented by whole egg retailers. Samples were collected from supermarket chain websites in the US, the UK, and Germany during March 2017. A summative content analysis reveals two prominent narratives purveyed through eggbox imagery (textual and visual), namely those pertaining to hen welfare and human health. The latter disenfranchises hens from their products by focusing on the nutritional value of eggs, whereas the former reflects a public concern for the welfare of egg-laying hens. Although claims of improvements in welfare practices are undoubtedly exploited as marketing tools, they nevertheless serve to raise awareness and drive competitors to adopt similar practices. Welfare claims are a direct response to public concerns about the plight of hens, and may positively influence industry welfare standards. However, idyllic depictions displayed on eggboxes also lull consumers into the belief that those eggs are an ethically sound food choice, regardless of the actual standard of living experienced by the hens.</p> Kristine Hill Copyright (c) 2021 Kristine Hill Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Farliga vargar och bedrägliga maskhål – Produktion av risk i mediematerial om varg och barn <p>I artikeln analyseras en diskussion om vargen och dess existensberättigande som pågick i Österbottens Tidning under år 2018 i samband med att vargar rörde sig i trakten. Utgående från Paul Slovic analyseras hur tankegångar om risk byggs upp i materialet. Syftet för artikeln är att undersöka hur varg som risk produceras och hanteras i ett tidningsmaterial, med ett särskilt fokus på de roller som barnen tilldelas. Jag intresserar mig i synnerhet för tiden, och för vad som händer med den i dessa processer. En sammansmältning av Slovics tankar om risk och Heta Lähdesmäkis och Outi Ratamäkis analys av den farliga vargen som en diskursiv resurs i det kulturella minnet i Finland ger ett underlag för en analys av ett material som i sin helhet handlar om en konstruktion av risk för vargangrepp på barn. Jag föreslår termen ”maskhål” som ett alternativ till det som Lähdesmäki och Ratamäki kallar för tidshopp, för att visa på den cirkulära rörelsen i den nutida ständiga återkomsten till händelser som man själv inte upplevt – dödliga vargangrepp på barn i äldre tid. Maskhålet ger tillgång till vargangreppen oberoende av tid och plats, och jag ser de känslor som berättelserna genererar som den kraft som upprätthåller existensen av maskhålet. I processen synliggörs även vad jag kallar för barnets inneboende moraliska imperativ.</p> Sofie Strandén-Backa Copyright (c) 2021 Sofie Strandén-Backa Wed, 07 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300