TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies https://trace.journal.fi/ <p><em>Trace — Journal for Human-Animal Studies</em> is a peer-reviewed,&nbsp;fully open access online journal that&nbsp;provides a forum for research and discussion of human-animal relations from social and cultural perspectives.&nbsp;The journal&nbsp;publishes original research articles, lectiones praecursoriae, and conference reports, as well as reviews on books, art exhibitions, films, and other media. <em>Trace </em>accepts submissions in English, Finnish and Swedish.</p> en-US <p>When sending a manuscript the author(s) accept <a href="https://trace.journal.fi/contract" target="_blank" rel="noopener">the digital publishing contract</a> (please open the link and read it!). The publishing contract covers the publication of the manuscript on the digital versions of the <em>Trace</em> journal according to the Open Access principles and the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license<strong>&nbsp;</strong>[<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</a>].&nbsp; (NB! Changed on January 28, 2020!) The conditions allow the author to retain copyright to his/her work and anyone to copy and distribute it for free in any medium and form, changed or unchanged provided that appropriate credit to author(s) is given, a link provided to the license, and any changes are indicated. Information on copyright issues in Finland is given by <a href="https://www.kopiosto.fi/kopiosto/en_GB/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Kopiosto</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Trace</em> is a scientific journal that doesn't pursue economic gain. Instead, the purpose of the publishing contract is to acknowledge the moral rights of the author(s) to their work and make possible the distribution of results of scientific research in the <em>Trace</em> journal in print as well as in digital form.&nbsp;</p> <p>The license concerning the metadata of published articles is Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).</p> <p class="P6_borderEnd">More information about open science in Finland:</p> <p class="P7"><a href="https://openscience.fi/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://openscience.fi/</a></p> <p><a href="https://libraryguides.helsinki.fi/oa/eng" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://libraryguides.helsinki.fi/oa/eng</a></p> pauliina.rautio@oulu.fi (Pauliina Rautio) jiteit@utu.fi (Jouni Teittinen) Sat, 20 May 2023 22:02:14 +0300 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Kanssakuljeskelua: Monilajisen kasvatuksen teoreettisia ja pedagogisia lähtökohtia https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/122336 Virpi Valtonen Copyright (c) 2023 Virpi Valtonen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/122336 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Editorial https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/130025 Pauliina Rautio Copyright (c) 2023 Pauliina Rautio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/130025 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A desirable privation: Exploring silence as a mode of zoo visiting https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/116665 <p>This article describes and discusses a set of exercises in silent zoo visiting conducted at two zoos in the Southwest of the UK in 2019. The visits were part of a wider project on the auditory culture of zoos, institutions which have tended to be analysed by reference to their concern with the visual display of captive other-than-human animals (henceforth animals). Linking ideas on silence that have emerged from work in anthropology and sound studies respectively, the article explores the notion that among many other affordances, silence can generate opportunities for reflection and the consideration of alternatives, in this case in relation to a prevailing zoo visiting culture often characterised by loud anthropogenic sound. Examining extracts and observations from discussions among participants, the article illustrates how this novel form of visiting fostered a variety of types and qualities of experience. It also provided an impetus for participants to notice and focus on specific animals and aspects of animal lives they might not otherwise have considered. Such meditation could foster feelings of connection to particular zoo animals, while also opening up possibilities for more detached contemplation. The silent visits led participants to produce critical perspectives on conventional zoo visiting, and to imagine future possibilities for the auditory culture of zoos. The article shows that silence can serve as a productive methodological tool in the exploration of human-animal relations, and demonstrates how sound is integral to the formation of those relations within, and by implication beyond, the zoo.</p> Tom Rice, Adam Reed, Alexander Badman-King, Samantha Hurn, Paul Rose Copyright (c) 2023 Tom, Alex, Adam, Sam, Paul https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/116665 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Tahmeat rottakohtaamiset https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/121716 <p>Elämme monilajisissa kaupungeissa, joissa kohtaamme monenlaista elämää. Toisinaan nämä kohtaamiset herättävät huomiomme ja saavat meissä aikaan erilaisia tunteita ja vaikutuksia. Kaupunkirotat ovat eläneet ihmisen kanssa samassa ympäristössä pitkään, mutta limittäinen yhteiselo ei ole ollut ongelmatonta kummallekaan lajille. Tässä artikkelissa tutkitaan ihmisen ja kaupunkirotan kohtaamisia ja niissä heränneitä tunteita, affekteja ja niiden tahmaisuutta, eli niiden kiertämistä ja tarttumista. Tutkimuksen aineisto koostuu rottia kohdanneiden kaupunkilaisten kirjoittamista kertomuksista, joista on analysoitu kohtaamisissa vaikuttaneita affekteja ja erityisesti niiden tahmaisuutta. Huolimatta kaupunkirottien maineesta inhon kohteena, aineiston rottakohtaamiset olivat moninaisia ja vaikuttavia tilanteita, ja ne saivat aikaan erilaisia tunteita ja affekteja pelosta iloon. Affektit olivat tahmaisia ja ne tarttuivat kiertäessään paitsi rottiin niin myös kohtaamispaikkoihin. Tahmaisuuteen vaikuttavat myös yhteiskunnassa kiertävät käsitykset ja ennakkoluulot rotista. Monipuoliset affektit avaavat tilaa keskustella siitä, miten kaupunkirottiin ja muihin liminaalisiin sekä hankaliin, yhteisen kaupunkiympäristömme muunlajisiin asukkaisiin suhtaudutaan.</p> Venla Österdahl, Virpi Valtonen, Nina V. Nygren Copyright (c) 2023 Venla Österdahl, Nina V. Nygren, Virpi Valtonen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/121716 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 ”Fästingen håller inget säkerhetsavstånd”: Konkurrerande riskdiskurser om fästingar i media https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/121761 <p>I Finland är fästingen ett återkommande diskussionsämne i medier och människor emellan framför allt under fästingsäsongen som pågår från våren till sena hösten. Bilden och uppfattningen om fästingen som riskfylld och farlig byggs upp i mellanmänsklig interaktion och genom olika medier. I artikeln analyseras med utgångspunkt i begreppet <em>risk</em> hur media och allmänheten konstruerar riskdiskurser kring fästingar i allmänbildande media, tidningsreportage och diskussionsforum. Vi analyserar hur olika medier diskuterar fästingar och hur fästingar upplevs som risk för hälsan, för utförandet av vardagliga sysslor och i förhållande till naturen. Vi förankrar analysen i risk som någonting sociokulturellt, kontextuellt och tidsbundet där medier av olika slag har stor påverkan.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> <p>Materialet består av finländska tidningar och nätdiskussioner från 2000-talet. Därmed ligger artikelns fokus på hur riskdiskurserna och sätten att hantera risk i förhållande till fästingar har byggts upp under de senaste decennierna. Fästingdiskurserna förstärker den generella uppfattningen om att fästingen är Finlands farligaste djur eller åtminstone en av de farligaste som väcker starka känslor och som behandlas i medier och bland den stora allmänheten i provocerande och sensationella ordalag. De motsatta argumenten för fram fästingen som en vardaglig följeslagare som människan har anpassat sig till genom olika hanteringsstrategier och -praktiker.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Sanna Lillbroända-Annala, Oscar Winberg Copyright (c) 2023 Sanna Lillbroända-Annala, Oscar Winberg https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/121761 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Challenging the capability approach in the context of environmental, ecological and multispecies justice https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/121735 <p>The main objective of this paper is to analyze the challenges in applying Nussbaum’s capability approach to animals, as refracted through the lens of environmental justice (justice among humans on environmental issues and risks) and ecological justice (justice to non-human nature) in Schlosberg’s sense. Comparing and contrasting intra- and intergenerational justice for animals within the environmental and ecological justice frameworks, I demonstrate why capabilities-based multispecies justice can provide some benefits in overcoming ecological vulnerability. In this context, I point out the methodological pitfalls that environmental and ecological justice face in their attempts at eradicating unequal vulnerabilities embedded into some <em>either-or</em> dilemmas by exploring how the vulnerabilities in question negatively affect animals’ positive and negative rights.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Silviya Serafimova Copyright (c) 2023 Silviya Serafimova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/121735 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 “Same old ding dong”: The impact of the initial lockdown in 2020 on Irish Guide Dogs for the Blind https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/120521 <p>Ireland found itself in a lockdown to combat the international spread of the SAR-CoV-2 virus beginning in March of 2020. This paper presents the initial impact that the initial lockdown and accompanying social distancing measures had on <em>Irish Guide Dogs for the Blind</em> (IGDB). Twenty-eight interviews were conducted with twenty-six interlocutors, including <em>IGDB</em> staff and clients, professionals within the guide dog sector, and locals to Cork City, Ireland. Findings show that lockdown measures impacted the education and work-lives of the guide dogs and instructors. Guide dogs lived in temporary homes rather than in the center’s kennels, which seems to improve their relaxation and education. Although the instructors may have benefitted from working outdoors with canines, they encountered challenges while teaching clients and guide dogs. They also needed to motivate the canines more to find a purpose in their work which had come to feel like the “same old ding dong”, with most destinations closed. The clients, especially those who experienced their first class during 2020, felt the loss of connection and support offered in the group class pre-pandemic. Despite these obstacles, interlocutors managed these obstacles well and looked optimistically toward the future.</p> Tiamat Warda Copyright (c) 2023 Tiamat Warda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/120521 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Developing response-ability in human-wasp encounters https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/120353 <p>Learning to live with unloved others is crucial in the ecological crisis. Unloved wasps are feared and disliked for their sting. Understanding of their ecological importance is increasing, however. Human-wasp encounters are changing with environmental changes, and strategies for multispecies cohabitation are needed. This multispecies study highlights features of wasp biology affecting human-wasp encounters and analyzes how conflicted human-wasp relations could be mitigated. The geographical focus is Finland, in the Northern boreal region. Biological analysis specified spatiotemporal aspects affecting human-wasp encounters: human and wasp habitats and preferences overlap ubiquitously. From a media analysis, we identified contextual strategies for living with wasps: exterminating, repelling, relocating, and giving space. Wasps do not receive only bad press – human-wasp relations are diverse and contextual. Knowledge of wasp ecology may allow for cultivating response-ability in multispecies encounters. Media provides information and narratives that allow reinterpreting wasp “aggression” as a vulnerable multispecies condition. Human-wasp encounters are corporeal and often preferably avoided. Therefore, methods that allow developing intimacy without proximity may be used for reflecting on human-wasp relations. One such method is crocheting decoy wasp nests. Human-wasp encounters could be mitigated by species-specific strategies that assess the risk involved. However, developing such strategies is difficult because wasps are often confused with other black-and-yellow insects.</p> Minna Santaoja, Jyrki Torniainen, Atte Komonen Copyright (c) 2023 Minna Santaoja, Jyrki Torniainen, Atte Komonen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/120353 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Aitoutta koukuttamassa: Taimenkantojen alkuperän merkityksestä virkistyskalastajien kalastuskokemuksille https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/119606 <p>Artikkelissa käsitellään taimenkantojen alkuperän merkitystä virkistyskalastajille ja heidän kalastuskokemuksilleen. Vapaa-ajan kalastus lukeutuu Suomen suosituimpiin harrastuksiin, samalla kun useat lohikalalajit ovat elinvoimaisuudeltaan pahoin vaarantuneita. Lajien uhanalaisuus johtuu elinympäristöjen häviämisestä ja ylikalastuksesta. Kalastuskohteissa luontaisen lisääntymisen puuttumista onkin kompensoitu kaloja istuttamalla. Istuttaminen on usein ollut ensisijainen ratkaisu kalastollisiin ongelmiin, ja sen on uskottu vastaavan suoraan kalastajien tarpeisiin. Usein vähäinen kalastuksen säätely ei ole kuitenkaan tukenut riittävästi luontaisten kantojen vahvistumista eikä huomioinut riittävästi eläin-<br />eettisiä kysymyksiä. Artikkelin aineistona käytetään Ruunaan koskien kalastajille kohdennetun kyselyn vastauksia. Tulosten perusteella pyydettävien taimenten luontaisuudella on esimerkiksi virkistyskalastajien kalastuskokemuksia syventävä vaikutus, koska kalastajat kokevat eroja eri alkuperää olevien taimenten käytöksessä ja pyynnin palkitsevuudessa. Tulokset osoittavat lisäksi, että istutuksilla ei voida täysin kompensoida taimenkantojen luontaisuuden eri merkityksiä.</p> Timo Haapasalo Copyright (c) 2023 Timo Haapasalo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/119606 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Matthew R. Calarco: Animal Studies. The Key Concepts / Lori Gruen (ed.): Critical Terms for Animal Studies (Double Book Review) https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/120371 David Herman Copyright (c) 2023 David Herman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/120371 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Konferenssimatkalla Kroatiassa (4th Days of animal STudies: "Seagull is not a bird", Split 19–22.2022) https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/122905 Salla Tuomivaara Copyright (c) 2023 Salla Tuomivaara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://trace.journal.fi/article/view/122905 Sat, 20 May 2023 00:00:00 +0300